KLV Ledverlichting – KLV-LHB-MD-160W750L35110

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Light measurements No Comments»

Here an LED luminaire from KLV LED Verlichting. The measurements from OliNo show that the lamp emits a cold white light with a color temperature of 5574 K. The lamp consumes 160.6 W and has a luminous flux of 26563 lm. This results in an efficacy of 165 lm/W. The lamps energy category label is C (2021).

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data dated 2022-02-10

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 5574 K cold white
Luminous intensity Iv 21691.3 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp.
Illuminance modulation index 1 % Measured with a light sensor looking at the lamp (angle not defined). Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
SVM 0.0 Stroboscopic Visibility Measure, and must be <= 0.9 (from September 1, 2024 <= 0.4) at full-load for certain (O)LEDs per EU regulation 2019/2020.
Beam angle 106 deg 28 deg is the beam angle for the C0-C180-plane (perpendicular to the length direction of the lamp) and 106 deg is the beam angle for the C90-C270 plane, which is along the length direction of the lamp. Flux code: 67 95 99 100 100.
Power P 160.6 W The net power consumed.
Power Factor 0.99 An electrical load with this power factor means that for every 1 kWh net energy consumed, there has been 0.16 kVAhr for reactive energy.
Displacement factor 0.99 The cosine of the phase angle between the fundamental harmonic of the mains supply voltage and the fundamental harmonic of the mains current (from EU 2019/2020).
THD 5 % Total Harmonic Distortion.
Max inrush current 24.622 A This current has been found at a voltage start angle of 20 degrees.
Luminous flux 26563 lm Measured with photogoniometer, calculation done as described in LM79-08.
Luminous efficacy 165 lm/W
EU2021-label classification C The energy class, from A (more efficient) to G (least efficient). This label is an update of the previous version, and compulsory from Sept 2021.
EU2013-label classification A++ The energy class, from A++ (more efficient) to E (least efficient). This energy label will be replaced on September 21, 2021.
CRI_Ra 86 Color Rendering Index.
Rf_TM30 82 TM30-15 is an improved indicator (over CRI) of how well colors are rendered.
Rg_TM30 96 Gamut Area Ratio.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3308 en y=0.3341
Fitting 230V This lamp is connected directly to the grid voltage.
Luminous flux for chicken 49463 cLm Total radiant flux adjusted by color sensitivity curve (from 350 – 780 nm) of chickens (Gallus domesticus).
S/P ratio 2.1 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (low environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 1170 mm x 135 mm x 70 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 1110 mm x 70 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). It is the surface of the smallest rectangle around all LEDs.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of illuminance measurements was 24.6 – 25.1 deg C.

The temperature of the lamp gets maximally about 14 degrees hotter than ambient temperature.

At the end of the article an additional photo.

Dimmable yes Info from manufacturer.

Melanopic effect factor
0.753 According to norm DIN SPEC 5031-100:2015-08.
Melanopic Ratio 0.62 This ratio multiplied with the lux value gives the EML-value (Equivalent Melanopic Value), used in table L2 of WELL std 2019-Q3.
Blue Light Hazard risk group 0 0=exempt, 1=low, 2 = moderate, 3=high risk. Indication value only for straight underneath the lamp.
form factor bar
Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file Right click on icon and save the file.
IES file Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site.

EU 2021 Energy label classification

These energy labels are in force since Sept 2021. They have been drawn up in accordance with the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2015.

It applies to light sources, with requirements for the x, y chromaticity coordinates (is fulfilled), the luminous flux (is fulfilled) and colour rendering index CRI (is fulfilled).These requirements are fulfilled.

The energy efficiency class of light sources shall be determined on the basis of the total mains efficacy etaTM. This is calculated by dividing the declared useful luminous flux (25179 lm, flux in a wide cone (120°)) by the declared on-mode power consumption Pon (160.6 W) and multiplying by the applicable factor FTM that depends on the light source type (1.176, type: Directional (DLS) operating on mains (MLS)). The result is the total mains efficacy etaTM = 184 (lm/W).

EU energy label for this light source

Zip file containing the EU energy efficiency labels for this light source

EU 2013 Energy label classification

Since Sept 2013 these labels will be needed.

Important for the energy classification are the corrected rated power and the useful luminous flux.
The measured rated power is 160.6 W and might need to be corrected. The correction is dependent from the lamp type and whether or not the lamp control gear is included or not. The choice for this lamp is the following classification: Lamps with own control gear (external or internal). As a result the corrected rated power becomes: 160.6 W.
The luminous flux measured is 26563 lm. The classification of this lamp needed to determine the useful flux is: Directional lamps with a beam angle >= 90° other than filament lamps and carrying a textual or graphical warning on their packaging that they are not suitable for accent lighting. Then the useful flux becomes 25179 lm. Now a reference power can be calculated.

The energy efficiency coefficient is P_corr / P_ref = 0.09.

EU energy label for this lamp

Zip file with 6 EU energy labels of this lamp

The lamp’s performance in the lumen-Watt field, with the energy efficacy fields indicated.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file.

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

The light diagram indicates the beam in the C0-C180 plane (perpendicular to the length direction of the lamp) and in the plane perpendicular to that, the C90-C270 plane (along the length direction of the lamp).

When using the Ev or Iv values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 28 deg for the C0-C180 plane and 106 deg for the C90-C270 plane.

Image of the light distribution pattern in 3D.

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 26563 lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 26563 lm, and the consumed power of the lamp being 160.6 Watt, results in a luminous efficacy of 165 lm/Watt.

Electrical properties

Lamp voltage 229.89 V AC
Lamp current 0.708 A
Power P 160.6 W
Apparent power S 162.7 VA
Power factor 0.99
Displacement factor DF 0.99

EU 2019/2020: For LED and OLED, DF >= 0,5 at 5 W < Pon = 10 W, DF >= 0,7 at 10 W < Pon = 25 W, DF >= 0,9 at 25 W < Pon.

Of this lamp the voltage across and the resulting current through it are measured and graphed.

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This current waveform has been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2018. This norm contains requirements for lamps with a power 5 W, 5 – 25 W and > 25 W. This lamp consumes 160.6 W.
NOTE: standard only applies to lamps with supply voltages higher than 220 V AC.

When power is more than 25 W there are requirements on the harmonics in the current.

The harmonics in the current compared to the requirements in IEC61000-3-2:2018

The requirements in norm IEC61000-3-2:2018 are met.

Inrush current

The inrush current has been measured for different voltage start angles; from 0 – 170 degrees with a 10 degrees step. The current- and voltage values have been acquires at a sample speed of 39.9 kS/s. Then this data has been fed into a second order 2kHz low pass Butterworth filter. This removes the current spikes that do not represent relevant values.
The lamp was two minutes off before every inrush current measurement was made.

Test voltage 230.0 V
Frequency of the voltage 50.0 Hz
Maximum inrush current 24.622 A This current has been found at a voltage start angle of 20 degrees.
Pulse width of max inrush current 4.3E-4 s This is the time that the pulse is higher than 10 % of the max inrush current.
Minimal inrush current 1.857 A This current has been found at a voltage start angle of 0 degrees.
I^2 x t after 10 ms at 0 deg voltage start angle 1.730E-4 A This is the I^2 t value when a zero crossing detector is used to start the voltage from 0 degrees.

Inrush current found at worst-case voltage start angle

First cycle of the maximum inrush current

The energy I2t during the first 10 ms of the first current cycle

Temperature measurements lamp

Temperature image(s).

status lamp 2 hours on
ambient temperature 25.5 deg C
reflected background temperature 25.5 deg C
camera Flir T335
emissivity 0.95
measurement distance 0.5, 0.7, 1 m
IFOVgeometric 0.136 mm per 0.1 m distance
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 50 mK

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is 5574 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The color temperature is given for inclination angles up to 64 deg. Beyond that value the illuminance is lower than 10%% of Ev straight underneath the lamp, that it has not been used for color determination of the light.

For the C0-C180 plane: the beam angle of 28 deg is equivalent to 14.0 deg inclination angle,which is the area where most of the light falls within. The maximum variation of color temperature in this inclination area is about 35 %.

For the C90-C270 plane: the beam angle of 106 deg is equivalent to 53.1 deg inclination angle,which is the area where most of the light falls within. The maximum variation of color temperature in this inclination area is about 15 %.

Color point dependent on inclination angle related to 2, 4 and 6 step MacAdam ellipse, for all angles within the beam angle (solid line) and for all angles where Ev dropped to 10 % value (dotted line)

Luminous flux for chicken

The energy in the spectrum of the light of the lamp can be evaluated by the spectral sensitivity of the eye of chicken (N.B. Prescott and C.M. Wathes, 1999 and J. E. Saunders, J. R. Jarvis and C. M. Wathes, 2008).

The spectrum of the light, multiplied by the spectral sensitivity of the human eye and the eye of a chicken.

parameter [unit] value explanation
Luminous flux [lm] 26563 The light of the lamp evaluated for a human eye.
Luminous flux chicken [cLm] 49463 The light of the lamp evaluated for the eye of a chicken.
Factor from lux to cLux 1.86 With this factor, the lux value of this light can be converted to the cLux value.

S/P ratio

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio of the light coming from this lamp is 2.1.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The point of the light in this diagram is inside the area indicated with class A. The areas A and B indicate areas for signal lamps.

The color coordinates are x=0.3308 and y=0.3341.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp)

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

This value of 86 indicates how well the light of this lamp can render well a set of reference colors, this in comparison with the light of a reference source (for color temperatures 5000K a black radiator is used as reference and for color temperatures 5000K the sun or the light outside during the day).

The value of 86 is bigger than the value of 80 that is considered as a minimum for working areas in general.

Note: the chromaticity difference is -0.0029 and indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is a value mentioned of max 5.4E-3 in section 5.3 of CIE 13.3-1995 however no further explanation of it.
An other reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Color quality scale TM-30-15

TM-30-15 is an improved indicator (over CRI) of how well colors are rendered.
TM30-15 Rf = 82, Rg = 96.

TM-30-15-values for 99 samples for the light of this light bulb. The closer the value for a testcolor comes to 100, the more its rendition resembles that of a reference lightsource.

Graphical view of averaged color points for this light bulb compared to a reference source with the same color temperature.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb.

The measure of fast illuminance variation of the light of the light bulb

parameter value unit
Flicker frequency 99.6 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 1 %
Flicker index 0.002 [-]
SVM 0.0 [-]
Compact Flicker Degree 2 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Melanopic effect

The melanopic effect shows the level of impact the light of this lamp can have on the day-night rhythm of human beings (as well as the suppression of melatonin production).
The important parameters (according to norm DIN SPEC 5031-100:2015-08):

melanopic effect factor 0.753
kmel trans (25 years) 1.052
kmel trans (32 years) 1.000
kmel trans (50 years) 0.833
kmel trans(75 years) 0.582
kmel trans(90 years) 0.449
kpupil(25 years) 1.088
kpupil(32 years) 1.000
kpupil(50 years) 0.792
kpupil(75 years) 0.543
kpupil(90 years) 0.416

Circadian Stimulus (CS)

The circadian stimulus indicates the degree of influence that the light of this lamp has on the human circadian rhythm. In addition to the melanopic effect of Ganglion cells, the contributions of S-cones and rods are also included. A CS value of 0.1 has hardly any effect and a value > 0.3 has an effect (0.7 is the maximum, saturated, value). The CS value depends on the spectrum of the light and also on the amount of it (received on the eye).

Ev [lux] CL_A CS
20.0 24.2 0.03
30.0 36.4 0.05
50.0 60.7 0.09
75.0 91.2 0.13
100.0 121.8 0.16
150.0 183.4 0.23
300.0 370.9 0.36
500.0 627.0 0.46
750.0 956.5 0.52
1000.0 1296.0 0.56
1500.0 2003.1 0.61
2000.0 2744.9 0.63

Blue Light Hazard

The amount of blue light and the harm it can cause on the retina has been determined. Herewith the results.

The level of blue light of this lamp related to the exposure limit and the different classification areas.

L_lum0 [mm] 266 Dimension of brightest part of lamp in C0-C180 direction.
L_lum90 [mm] 266 Dimension of brightest part of lamp in C90-C270 direction.
SSD_500lx [mm] 17388 Calculated distance where Ev = 500 lux. This computation is valid when it is in the far field of the lamp. Note: if this value 200 mm then the distance of 200 mm is taken as proposed in the norm IEC 62471:2006.
Start of far field [mm] 1884 Minimum distance at which the lamp can be seen as a point source. In this area the Ev is linearly dependent from (1/distance)2.
300-350 nm values stuffed with 0s no In the event OliNo has measured with a SpB1211 spectrometer without UV option then the irradiance data of 300-349 nm is missing. For lamps where there is already no energy content near 350 nm, the values 300-349 can also be set at zero then.
alphaC0-C180 [rad] 0.100 (Apparent) source angle in C0-C180 direction.
alphaC90-C270 [rad] 0.100 (Apparent) source angle in C90-C270 direction.
alphaAVG [rad] 0.100 Average (apparent) source angle. If average >= 0.011 rad then the exposure limit is computed with radiance Lb. Otherwise with irradiance Eb.
Exposure value [W/m^2/sr] 5.82E+1 Blue Light Hazard value for this lamp, measured straight underneath the lamp. Computation is referenced to Lb.
Blue Light Hazard risk group 0 0=exempt, 1=low, 2 = moderate, 3=high risk.


Additional photos.

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