KLV Ledverlichting – KLV-AOLDB-A_test

Posted by Marcel van der Steen in Led lights, Light measurements No Comments»

presents a module led lamp working with an external power supply. The lamp has a wide beam and emits cold white light.

This article shows the measurement results. Many parameters are also found in the Eulumdat file.

See this overview for a comparison with other light bulbs.

Summary measurement data

parameter meas. result remark
Color temperature 6486 K Cold white
Luminous intensity Iv 893 Cd Measured straight underneath the lamp.
Illuminance modulation index 0 % Measured straight underneath the lamp. Is a measure for the amount of flickering.
Beam angle 149 deg 73º for all the C0-C180-plane (perpendicular to the length direction of the lamp) and 149º for the C90-C270 plane, which is along the length direction of the lamp.
Power P 42.0 W
Power Factor 0.88 For every 1 kWh net power consumed, there has been 0.5 kVAhr for reactive power.
THD 20 % Total Harmonic Distortion
Luminous flux 2738 Lm
Luminous efficacy 65 Lm/W
EU-label classification B The energy class, from A (more efficient) to G (least efficient).
CRI_Ra 77 Color Rendering Index.
Coordinates chromaticity diagram x=0.3134 and y=0.3256
Fitting 230V This lamp is via a power supply connected to the 230 V grid voltage.
PAR-value 8.4 μMol/s/m2 The number of photons seen by an average plant when it is lit by the light of this light bulb. Value valid at 1 m distance from light bulb.
PAR-photon efficacy 0.6 μMol/s/We The toal emitted number of photons by this light, divided by its consumption in W. It indicates a kind of efficacy in generating photons.
S/P ratio 2.1 This factor indicates the amount of times more efficient the light of this light bulb is perceived under scotopic circumstances (low environmental light level).
L x W x H external dimensions 300 x 85 x 75 mm External dimensions of the lamp.
L x W luminous area 260 x 40 mm Dimensions of the luminous area (used in Eulumdat file). This surface just fits around the leds at the front of the lamp.
General remarks The ambient temperature during the whole set of measurements was 23.6 – 25.2 deg C.

The temperature of the housing gets about 27 degrees hotter than ambient temperature.

Warm up effect: during the warm up time the illuminance and consumed power vary less than 5 %.

Voltage dependency: the power consumption and illuminance vary insignificantly, when the power voltage varies between 200-250 V.

At the end of the article there are additional photos.

Measurement report (PDF) olino-pdf
Eulumdat file olino_eulumdat Right click on icon and save the file.

Overview table

The overview table is explained on the OliNo website.

Please note that this overview table makes use of calculations, use this data with care as explained on the OliNo site. E (lux) values are not accurate, when within 5 x 263 mm (approximately the diagonal size of the area emitting light) ≈ 1400 mm. Within this distance from the lamp, the measured lux values willl be less than the computed values in this overview as the measurements are then within the near field of the lamp.

EU Energy label classfication

With the measurement results of the luminous flux and the consumed power the classification on energy of this lamp is calculated. This information is requested in the EU for certain household lamps, see also the OliNo site that explains for which lamps it is requested, how the label looks like and what information it needs to contain.

Herewith the labels for this lamp in color and black and white.

EU energy label of this lamp

Label in black and white.

Eulumdat light diagram

This light diagram below comes from the program Qlumedit, that extracts these diagrams from an Eulumdat file. It is explained on the OliNo site.

The light diagram giving the radiation pattern.

It indicates the luminous intensity around the light bulb. The C0-C180 plane is along the width direction of the lamp, from above to below) and is a relatively narrow beam. Whereas the C90-C270 plane (along the length direction of the lamp, left to right) indicates a wide beam.

Illuminance Ev at 1 m distance, or luminous intensity Iv

Herewith the plot of the averaged luminous intensity Iv as a function of the inclination angle with the light bulb.

The radiation pattern of the light bulb.

This radiation pattern is the average of the light output of the light diagram given earlier. Also, in this graph the luminous intensity is given in Cd.

These averaged values are used (later) to compute the lumen output.

Intensity data of every measured turn angle at each inclination angle.

This plot shows per inclination angle the intensity measurement results for each turn angle at that inclination angle. There normally are differences in illuminance values for different turn angles. However for further calculations the averaged values will be used.

When using the average values per inclination angle, the beam angle can be computed, being 73º for the C0-C180 and 149º for the C90-C270 plane.

Luminous flux

With the averaged illuminance data at 1 m distance, taken from the graph showing the averaged radiation pattern, it is possible to compute the luminous flux.

The result of this computation for this light spot is a luminous flux of 2738 Lm.

Luminous efficacy

The luminous flux being 2738 Lm, and the power of the light bulb being 42.0 W, yields a luminous efficacy of 65 Lm/W.

Electrical properties

A power factor of 0.88 means that for every 1 kWh net power consumed, a reactive component of 0.5 kVAr was needed.

Lamp voltage 230 VAC
Lamp current 208 mA
Power P 42.0 W
Apparent power S 47.8 VA
Power factor 0.88

Of this light bulb the voltage across ad the resulting current through it are measured and graphed. See the OliNo site how this is obtained.

Voltage across and current through the lightbulb

This waveforms have been checked on requirements posed by the norm IEC 61000-3-2:2006 (including up to A2:2009). See also the explanation on the OliNo website.

Harmonics in in the current waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006 and A2:2009

There are limits for the harmonics for lighting equipment > 25 W which are (just) not fulfilled.

One additional note: the voltage used to feed the lamp is not according to the requirements in this IEC norm but has a higher content in harmonics than allowed for the norm. The higher harmonic content in the voltage also reflects itself in the current therefore the results in the current are a bit too pessimistic.

As the harmonics in the voltage used is not according the requirements of the norm it cannot be stated that the lamp’s current is not fulfilling the norm. However the result is a serious indication about the amount of harmonic content.

For completeness the harmonic content of the used voltage is given.

Harmonics in in the voltage waveform and checked against IEC61000-3-2:2006 and A2:2009

The Total Harmonic Distortion of the current is computed as 20 %.

Temperature measurements lamp

Front view and bottom view.

The material of the front side and bottom side is somewhat reflective: the temperature readings directly on the lamp housing material is lower (partly reflected ambient temperature) than measured on the low reflecting (hig emissivity) masking tape. The emissivity of the housing material is found to be 0.68. The next image is corrected with this setting.

The front and bottom view with the correct emissivity setting

Power supply.

The power supply has a rough surface and its emissivity is high, about 0.95

status lamp > 2 hours on
ambient temperature 22 deg C
reflected background temperature 22 deg C
camera Flir T335
emissivity 0.68 and 0.95(1)
measurement distance 0.5 m
IFOVgeometric 0.136 mm per 0.1 m distance
NETD (thermal sensitivity) 50 mK

(1) See the text for explanation.

Color temperature and Spectral power distribution

The spectral power distribution of this light bulb, energies on y-axis valid at 1 m distance.

The measured color temperature is about 6500 K which is cold white.

This color temperature is measured straight underneath the light bulb. Below a graph showing the color temperature for different inclination angles.

Color temperature as a function of inclination angle.

The measurement of CCT is measured for inclination angles up to 75º. Beyond this angle the illuminance is very low (< 5 lux).

The beam angle is 149º, meaning a 74.5º inclination angle. In this area most of the light is present. The variation in correlated color temperature in this area is about 15 %.

PAR value and PAR spectrum

To make a statement how well the light of this light bulb is for growing plants, the PAR-area needs to be determined. See the OliNo website how this all is determined and the explanation of the graph.

The photon spectrum, then the sensitivity curve and as result the final PAR spectrum of the light of this light bulb

parameter value unit
PAR-number 8.4 μMol/s/m²
PAR-photon current 25.6 μMol/s
PAR-photon efficacy 0.6 μMol/s/W

The PAR efficiency is 66 % (valid for the PAR wave length range of 400 – 700 nm). So maximally 66 % of the total of photons in the light is effectively used by the average plant (since the plant might not take 100 % of the photons at the frequency where its relative sensitivity is 100 %).

S/P ratio

The S/P ratio and measurement is explained on the OliNo website. Here the results are given.

The power spectrum, sensitivity curves and resulting scotopic and photopic spectra (spectra energy content defined at 1 m distance).

The S/P ratio is 2.1.

More info on S/P ratio can be found on the OliNo website.

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity space and the position of the lamp’s color coordinates in it.

The light coming from this lamp is inside the area of class A. This is an area defined for signal lamps, see also the OliNo website.

Its coordinates are x=0.3134 and y=0.3256.

Color Rendering Index (CRI) or also Ra

Herewith the image showing the CRI as well as how well different colors are represented (rendered). The higher the number, the better the resemblance with the color when a black body radiator would have been used (the sun, or an incandescent lamp). Practical information and also some critics about the CRI can be found on the OliNo website.

Each color has an index Rx, and the first 8 indexes (R1 .. R8) are averaged to compute the Ra which is equivalent to the CRI.

CRI of the light of this lightbulb.

The value of 77 is (little) lower than to the value 80 which is considered a minimum value for indoor usage.

Note: the chromaticity difference is 0.0020 indicates the distance to the Planckian Locus. There is no norm yet that states what the max deviation from white light is allowed to be. A reference with signal lights as a reference is given in the chromaticity diagram.

Voltage dependency

The dependency of a number of lamp parameters on the lamp voltage is determined. For this, the lamp voltage has been varied and its effect on the following light bulb parameters measured: illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [Lm/W].

Lamp voltage dependencies of certain light bulb parameters, where the value at 230 V is taken as 100 %.

The illuminance and consumed power vary insignificantly when the voltage is varied.

When the voltage at 230 V varies with + and – 5 V, then the illuminance varies ≈ 0.1 %, so when abrupt voltage changes occur this effect is not visible in the illuminance output.

Warm up effects

After switch on of a cold lamp, the effect of heating up of the lamp is measured on illuminance E_v [lx], the lamppower P [W] and the luminous efficacy [lm/W].

Effect of warming up on different light bulb parameters. At top the 100 % level is put at begin, and at bottom at the end.

The warm up time is not defined as the illuminance and consumed power vary less than 5 %.

Measure of flickering

An analysis is done on the measure of flickering of the light output by this light bulb. See the OliNo site for more information.

The measure of fast illuminance variation of the light of the light bulb

parameter value unit
Flicker frequency 3941 Hz
Illuminance modulation index 0 %

The illuminance modulation index is computed as: (max_Ev – min_Ev) / (max_Ev + min_Ev).

Extra foto’s

The used power supply

The back side of the lamp

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